Rabu, 08 Mei 2019

Knowing the ins and outs of plywood for your dream home

Knowing the ins and outs of plywood for your dream home

Knowing the ins and outs of plywood for your dream home - Wood is one material that will never stop being used. From ancient times to modern times, wood is still being used for various purposes, especially as raw material for making houses, buildings, and furniture. One way to facilitate the use of wood is to process it into plywood or also known as plywood. Why is that?

Plywood As An Alternative Choice

We need high-quality wood materials so that homes, buildings and furniture that are made more durable and durable. But, in fact, the availability of quality wood is depleting because of the minimal greening. As a result, the supply of trees in the world is decreasing because logging is carried out continuously. This is why a breakthrough in the use of wood was created, namely by making plywood. This step is a way to save the number of trees cut. Because, this material is engineering wood or artificial wood that is not intact wood.

The tree part used to make plywood is far less than the material for making beam-shaped whole wood. Because, to make whole wood beams requires a lot of parts from one tree. On the other hand, if processed into plywood, one tree produces more sheets. This is the reason, plywood is also one of the most environmentally friendly materials because it doesn't consume so many trees.

Understanding Plywood Making

The way to make plywood is by splitting the wood into a very thin layer (wood veneer) then gluing it until it becomes plywood. In order to get stronger results, the veneer is glued to the grain angle.

Generally, these layers are stacked with an odd number in order to prevent warping and to create a balance in construction. The reason is, if the layer is made in an even number it can make the board unstable and more easily distorted.

Its Nature and Thickness

Plywood is flexible, costs are cheap, easy to form, can be recycled, and for making it does not require complicated techniques. This material also comes in several sizes of thickness, ranging from the size of 0.8 mm to 25 mm.

Each size also has a different quality. If you have calculated the cost of building a house carefully, of course calculating the cost of making furniture like this is not difficult, right?

Plywood Types

Here are some types of plywood on the market, including:

 Multiplex (plywood)

The material for making multiplexes is a layer of pressed bark using very high pressure. The multiplex texture is tight, has high strength and has water resistance. Multiplex can last up to decades if the treatment is done well.

Melaminto

Melaminto is also often called decorative plywood. The reason is that melaminto is often used to enhance the appearance of wooden boards. Generally, the surface of this plywood has a layer of melamine and polyester, which makes the texture slippery and also colored. Melaminto is most often used as a whiteboard and kitchen set.

Teakblock

Teakblock material is teak wood. However, in contrast to solid teak wood, teakblock is a teak board which has been stacked together. Teakblock itself is quite expensive, so it is more often used to coat wooden boards. Besides being very strong, the other advantages of teakblock are having a variety of motive choices.

Blockboard

The way to make a blockboard is to arrange three layers of wood and then combine them into one. The two outer layers of the blockboard are thinner when compared to one inner layer measuring 0.5 - 2mm. Usually, the inside of the blockboard is made of acacia wood and meranti which has very solid strength, so it can't be curved.

Particle Board

The way to make a particle board is from wood chips which are then printed into a board shape. Generally, this type of plywood is of poor quality because it has a vulnerability to water. However, many use this particle board for furniture raw materials such as tables, storage drawers, even coffins because of its affordable price.

MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard)

The MDF is a mixed wood fiber board made from soft-textured, hard-textured wood fiber. Then, use glue or wax to attach the wood fibers and then print using a machine that has been set with very high pressure and temperature. Generally, the MDF is most often used to make interior furniture as well as making loudspeaker boxes.

Advantages and disadvantages

Advantages of plywood



  • Practical use and easy to set up, suitable also for partition walls.
  • Very resistant to shrinkage, making the size and shape not easily changed.
  • Many variations in size and thickness choices, so choosing it is easier.
  • Has high resistance to extreme weather changes.
  • More flexible so that it is easy to bend.
  • A sturdy structure is very suitable to be used as the main framework in making furniture.
  • Plywood is far more resistant to water because there is a hard layer covering the surface.
  • The size of the plywood is very precise with a surface layer that has a super fine texture.



Lack of plywood



  • If exposed to endless extreme weather, the durability of plywood is not as strong as solid wood.
  • Not suitable for outdoor furniture. More suitable for indoor.
  • The thin material makes us have to be extra careful when moving it.
  • Accuracy is needed when choosing plywood because it may be a less smooth and even wavy surface.
  •  If the surface of the plywood is corrugated, the precision of the thickness is not too good.
  • Must use firing nails to combine the plywood to make it neat and maximal.
  •  Accuracy is needed during the plywood finishing process so that the final result is as planned.


Steps for Installing Plywood

To install the plywood ceiling yourself, follow the following safe steps:


  1. Prepare materials, ranging from wood to ceiling frames, plywood, nails, paint, and others;
  2. Also prepare work equipment, namely measuring threads, saws, hammers, and others;
  3. First check the wall that will be fitted with plywood, whether it is neat and also ready to be fitted with plywood ceilings;
  4. Make sure the roof of the house is safe, safe (meaning it doesn't leak when it rains) because it can damage the ceiling;
  5. Measure the flatness of the location where the ceiling is installed and determine the boundary points for the installation of the ceiling frame, using a water hose and thread;
  6. Adjust the installation of the ceiling frame to the size of the plywood used, make sure its position is neat, flat, and not to bump;
  7. Start installing plywood when the ceiling frame is completely finished and strong;
  8. Compound in order to cover wood defects in plywood;
  9. Do the finishing by painting the installed plywood ceiling so that it looks beautiful and neat.


Class Distribution and Plywood Classification

The class of plywood is determined by the selection of raw materials and the type of glue. Plywood is divided into two types of classes, namely local and export classes. Local classes are usually for marketing in the country, while the export class is to be marketed abroad such as Taiwan, Japan, Singapore and other countries.

For local class, the quality of plywood is not too good. Generally, the size of plywood in this class is 122 cm x 244 cm, depending on consumer demand. The thickness is also relatively thin, which is around 2.5 mm - 5 mm. Local grade plywood is made using T2MR type glue or below.

Export grade plywood is known to have good quality and the quality checking process is more stringent. Good quality raw materials, and neat workmanship make the quality of this plywood compete overseas. This plywood uses T2 * 4 or above type glue which has no doubt the quality. For its size, this plywood is usually made in sizes 91 cm x 182 cm or 122 cm x 244 cm depending on consumer demand and thickness ranging from 2.5 mm - 15 mm.

For classification, there is no classification specifically for plywood. However, the classification is usually carried out based on construction (veneer, wood core board, and composite plywood), its shape (flat or formed), durability (in dry, humid and outdoor conditions), surface conditions (sanded or not), and others.

0 komentar:

Posting Komentar